Transilvania University or college of Brașov
Faculty of Letters
MOTHER Study Program
Anglo – American Culture and Discourse
Different feminist theories and the " new feminism ” influx
MOTHER student: Marc Adriana
a couple of nd 12 months – R. F. 2014 – 2015
In the last many years of the 20th century, the Western world became more and more concerned with issues of ethnic, sociable, political and gender equal rights. This was also the time if the politicization of race and ethnicity became an effect from the increased political consciousness and activism of the people who found themselves marginalized and discriminated against on such basis as their race, sexual orientation, gender or ethnicity. Ladies writing and feminism will always be closely related because women's writing' is known as a critical category – a product of discourse about the texts women have drafted – but not the purpose of the authors themselves. Could writing is a vital, not an authorial, category. There are a few exceptions (an increasing number) in the late twentieth century, but it is safe to express that not every female freelance writers are feminist and this is very true of pre-nineteenth 100 years writers. These types of sensitive problems triggered " self-declared progressive movements” (Ang 2001: 177), such as the work movement, the homosexual pleasure movement, the feminist activity, et approach., which were usa by the sole wish to have difficulty against oppression and discrimination. 1 The feminist movement, which was one of the most significant and most important social moves of the time, happened in late sixties and seventies and prompted women all over the world to finally stand up and speak up for social, personal and economical gender equal rights. Feminist theory therefore identifies the object of study (women's writing) nevertheless the relationship involving the two goes deeper than this. A large number of texts by simply women share the same concerns as feminist theory: the unique experience of ladies in history; the idea of girl consciousness; the definitions of gender that limit and oppress; plus the cause of ladies liberation coming from those limitations. What is more, that gave delivery to a large number of renowned female philosophers, journalists and political active supporters and workers, whose performs formed a base for what is today known as feminist viewpoint. Due to this activity, the issue of male or female equality and the manifestation of womanhood became of high importance in many works of female writers of that time period. In the chapters that follow, I actually offer a review of the range of feminist theories (Psychoanalitic Feminist theory, Marxist Theory and Black Feminism theory) together with a particular history of American women's producing: my purpose is to present how the issues of feminism have been engaged by females writers – reflected, supported, challenged – throughout background. I will also speak about the black feminism, also called " new wave” of feminism, whcih states that feminist ideology is not able to account for the unique experience of dark women and that they can needed, as bell hooks notices, more feminist scholarship which will address a wide variety of issues in black your life, such as dark-colored masculinity, mothering, the close marriage between homicide and sexuality, poverty, the crisis of black womanhood, connections among health and our conceptions in the body, sexuality, media, and so forth The first theory i want to learn, is Marxist Theory of feminism, which has a brief synopsis and some principles explained. Marxist feminism can be organised about the basic issues between capitalism versus patriarchy and course versus male or female oppression. Marxist feminism combines the study of school with the evaluation of gender. Capitalism can be considered both sexually and monetarily exploitative; capitalist patriarchy is viewed as the source of women's oppression: their furor from labour (through the mandatory creation of your pool of...
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Beauvoir, Simone (1971). The Second Sex. Alfred A. Knopf.
Bradley, David (1984) ‘Novelist Alice Master Telling the Black Women's Story' The modern York Occasions, http://www.nytimes.com/books/98/10/04/specials/walker-story.html (visited on 13 February 2015).
Hartsock, Nancy (1983). Money, sex, and power: toward a feminist historical materialism. New York: Longman.
Madsen, Deborah L. (2000) Feminist Theory and Literary Practice, Pluto Press.
Sigmund Freud, On Sexuality (London 1991) p. 375
Ward, Robyn R., Herndl, Diane Price (1997) ‘Ethnicity' Feminisms
Williams, Delores T. (1987) ‘Womanist Theology: Black Women is actually Voices' Christianity and Catastrophe, http://www.religion-online.org/showarticle.asp?title=445 (visited 13 Feb . 2015)